Volume 10, Issue 1 (2021)                   JCP 2021, 10(1): 139-150 | Back to browse issues page

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Farahani S, Bandani A R, Amiri A. Variable susceptibility in populations of Tetranychus urticae Koch (Acari: Tetranychidae) to propargite and chlorpyrifos. JCP. 2021; 10 (1) :139-150
URL: http://jcp.modares.ac.ir/article-3-43043-en.html
1- Department of Plant Protection, College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran.
2- Department of Plant Protection, College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran. , abandani@ut.ac.ir
3- Environmental Science and Sustainable Agriculture, University of Sistan and Baluchestan, Zahedan, Iran.
Abstract:   (223 Views)
The two-spotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticae, is a major pest of crops and ornamental plants worldwide. It is a highly polyphagous pest that has a notorious reputation for its ability to rapidly develop resistance to commonly used pesticides. Thus, in the current study, the contact toxicity of propargite (EC 57%) and chlorpyrifos (EC 40.8%) was investigated against two populations of T. urticae from Iran, Mahallat (MhR) and Karaj (KrS), using a leaf-dip bioassay. Findings showed that the LC50 of propargite against MhR and KrS populations was 5337.90 and 116.81 mg a.i/l, respectively. While the LC50 of the chlorpyrifos against MhR and KrS populations was 2760.83 and 479.25 mg a.i/l, respectively. Based on the median lethal concentrations (LC50), MhR and KrS populations were considered as resistant and susceptible populations to both pesticides, respectively. MhR population was 5.76-fold and 45.70-fold more resistant to chlorpyrifos and propargite than the KrS population, respectively. Insecticide synergists including triphenyl phosphate (TPP), piperonyl butoxide (PBO), and diethyl maleate (DEM)) revealed the contribution of esterases, glutathione S-transferases (GST), and cytochrome P450 monooxygenases (P450s) to resistance. Nonetheless, the involvement of esterases and P450s was more evident against chlorpyrifos and propargite, respectively. The activity of P450s, GSTs, esterases, and acetylcholinesterase (AChE) was measured in susceptible and resistant populations. All enzymes showed significantly higher activity in the resistant population than in the susceptible one. Additionally, zymogram analysis of esterase showed two distinct bands in the MhR population, whereas the stronger band was absent in KrS population. These results indicate that metabolic pathways are associated with chlorpyrifos and propargite resistance in the MhR population.
Full-Text [PDF 321 kb]   (93 Downloads)    
Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Chemical Control (all aspects of pesticides)
Received: 2020/05/21 | Accepted: 2020/10/10 | Published: 2020/12/1

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