Volume 2, Issue 1 (2013)                   JCP 2013, 2(1): 1-12 | Back to browse issues page

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Shiran E, Mossadegh M S, Esfandiari M. Mutualistic ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) associated with aphids in central and southwestern parts of Iran. JCP 2013; 2 (1) :1-12
URL: http://jcp.modares.ac.ir/article-3-11709-en.html
1- Department of Plant Protection, College of Agriculture, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Iran.
Abstract:   (17158 Views)
Ants consume or store the honeydew which is secreted by aphids or other homopteran insects. Major benefit of ant attendance for aphids is protection against natural enemies. A study was carried out during 2009-2010, to determine the mutualistic association between ants and aphids on different host plants in some parts of Khuzestan and Esfahan provinces. A total of 20 ant species belonging to 12 genera and 3 subfamilies were collected and identified. Among them, four species are new to Iranian ant fauna as follows: Monomorium libanicum Tohme; Monomorium qarahe Collingwood & Agosti; Monomorium mayri Forel and Lasius paralienus Seifert. The collected myrmecophilous aphids were 33 species belonging to 3 families and 5 subfamilies. Details and mechanisms of such associations between ants and aphids are unknown to us. More detailed investigations are needed in each case to adequately understand them.
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Received: 2012/11/20 | Accepted: 2012/12/22 | Published: 2012/12/24

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