Department of Entomology, Faculty of Agriculture, Tarbiat Modares University, P. O. Box 14115-336, Tehran, Iran.
Medicinal plant powders have traditionally been used as grain protectants against stored-product insect pests. In this study, insecticidal activity of Carum copticum L. and Cuminum cyminumL. powders was assessed on adults of Sitophilus granarius L. and Tribolium confusum Jacquelin du Val. Experiments were carried out on wheat at 27 ± 1 ºCand 55 ± 5% r. h. The mortality increased with increasing concentration level and time exposed to each concentration. For S. granarius, 7 days and in case of T. confusum 14 days exposure time was sufficient to obtain considerable mortality. For example, 3500 mg/kg of C. copticum 7 days after treatment caused 80% mortality in S. granarius;while for T. confusum 29% mortality was achieved and increased to 100% after 14 days. Therefore, it can be concluded that adults of S. granarius were more susceptible than T. confusum to plant powders. Also, according to the findings, C. cyminumpowder had more insecticidal efficacy than C. copticum on both insects’ species. For S. granarius, 950 and 2700 mg/kg powders of C. cyminum and C. copticum was enough to cause ca. 50% mortality after 5 days, respectively. In case for T. confusum, 3200 and 4400 mg/kg of the plant powders caused the same mortality after 7 days.Findings of the present study show that the plant powders could be applied for grain protection in small-scale storage facilities.
Abbott, W. S. 1925. A method for computing the effectiveness of an insecticide. Journal of Economic Entomology, 18: 265-267.
Arabi, F., Moharramipour, S. and Sefidkon, F. 2007. Insecticidal effects of essential oils from Cuminum cyminum L. (Apiaceae) and Perovskia abrotanoides Karel (Lamiaceae) on some stored- product insects. MSc Thesis, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran. 121 pp.
Behtoei, H., Amini, J., Javadi, T. and Sadeghi, A. 2012. Composition and in vitro antifungal activity of Bunium persicum, Carum copticum and Cinnamomum zeylanicum essential oils. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research, 37: 5069-5076.
Boeke, S. J., Baumgart, I. R., van Loon, J. J. A., van Huis, A., Dicke, M. and Kossou, D. K. 2004. Toxicity and repellence of African plants traditionally used for the protection of stored cowpea against Callosobruchus maculatus. Journal of Stored Products Research, 40: 423-438.
Boskabady, M. H., Kianai, S., Azizi, H. and Khatami, T. 2006. Antitussive effect of Cuminum cyminum Linn. in guinea pigs. Natural Product Radiance, 5: 266-269.
Chaubey, M. K. 2007. Toxicity of essential oils from Cuminum cyminum (Umbelliferae), Piper nigrum (Piperaceae) and Foeniculum vulgare (Umbelliferae) against stored-product beetle Tribolium castaneum Herbst (Coleopetera: Tenebrionidae). Electronic Journal of Environmental Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 6: 1719-1727.
Chaubey, M. K. 2008. Fumigant toxicity of essential oils from some common spices against pulse beetle, Callosobruchus chinensis (Coleoptera: Bruchidae). Journal of Oleo Science, 57: 171-179.
Chaubey, M. K. 2011. Fumigant toxicity of essential oils against rice weevil Sitophilus oryzae L. (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Journal of Biological Sciences, 11: 411-416.
Devi, K. and Devi, S. 2012. Insecticidal and oviposition deterrent properties of some spices against coleopteran beetle, Sitophilus oryzae. Journal of Food Science and Technology: 1-5, Available on: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs13197-011-0377-1?LI=true.
Guleria, S. and Tiku, A. K. 2009. Botanicals in Pest Management: Current Status and Future Perspectives, In: Rajinder, P. and Ashok, K. D. (Eds.), Integrated Pest Management: Innovation-Development Process. Springer Netherlands, pp. 317-329.
Habashi, A. S., Safaralizadeh, M. H. and Safavi, S. A. 2011. Fumigant toxicity of Carum copticum L. oil against Tribolium confusum du Val, Rhyzopertha dominica F. and Oryzaphilus surinamensis L. Munis Entomology & Zoology, 6: 282-289.
Hill, D. S. 2002. Pests of Stored Foodstuffs and Their Control. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands.
Isman, M. B. 2000. Plant essential oils for pest and disease management. Crop Protection, 19: 603-608.Iacobellis, N. S., Lo Cantore, P., Capasso, F. and Senatore, F. 2005. Antibacterial activity of Cuminum cyminum L. and Carum carvi L. essential oils. Journal of Agricultural Food and Chemistry, 53: 57-61.
Karakoc, O. C., Gokce, A. and Telci, I. 2006. Fumigant activity of some plant essential oils against Sitophilus oryzae L., Sitophilus granarius L. (Col.: Curculionidae) and Acanthoscelides obtectus Say. (Col.: Bruchidae). Turkiye Entomoloji Dergisi, 30: 123-135.
Kestenholz, C., Stevenson, P. C. and Belmain, S. R. 2007. Comparative study of field and laboratory evaluations of the ethnobotanical Cassia sophera L. (Leguminosae) for bioactivity against the storage pests Callosobruchus maculatus (F.) (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) and Sitophilus oryzae (L.) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Journal of Stored Products Research, 43: 79-86.
Robertson, J. L., Smith, K. C., Savin, N. E. and Lavigne, R. J. 1984. Effects of dose selection and sample size on the precision of lethal dose estimates in dose mortality regression. Journal of Economic Entomology, 77: 833-837.
Rajashekar, Y., Bakthavatsalam, N. and Shivanandappa, T. 2012. Botanicals as grain protectants. Psyche,2012: 1-13.
Rees, D. 2007. Insects of Stored Grain: A Pocket Reference. Csiro Publishing, Australia.
Sahaf, B. Z. and Moharramipour, S. 2008. Fumigant toxicity of Carum copticum and Vitex pseudo-negundo essential oils against eggs, larvae and adults of Callosobruchus maculatus. Journal of Pest Science, 81: 213-220.
Sahaf, B. Z., Moharramipour, S. and Meshkatalsadat, M. H. 2007. Chemical constituents and fumigant toxicity of essential oil from Carum copticum against two stored product beetles. Insect Science, 14: 213-218.
Shojaaddini, M., Moharramipour, S. and Sahaf, B. Z. 2008. Fumigant toxicity of essential oil from Carum copticum against Indian meal moth, Plodia interpunctella. Journal of Plant Protection Research, 48: 411-419.
SPSS. 2007. SPSS 16 for Windows User’s Guide Release. SPSS Inc, Chicago
Tapondjou, L. A., Adler, C., Bouda, H. and Fontem, D. A. 2002. Efficacy of powder and essential oil from Chenopodium ambrosioides leaves as post-harvest grain protectants against six stored-product beetles. Journal of Stored Products Research, 38: 395-402.
Upadhyay, R. K., Gayatri, J. and Neeraj, Y. 2007. Toxicity, repellency and oviposition inhibitory activity of some essential oils against Callosobruchus chinensis. Journal of Applied Bioscience, 33: 21-26.
Ziaee, M. and Moharramipour, S. 2012. Efficacy of Iranian diatomaceous earth deposits against Tribolium confusum Jacquelin du Val (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae). Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology, 15: 547-553.