Department of Plant Protection, College of Agriculture, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran
Life table parameters of Aphis pomi DeGeer(Hemiptera: Aphididae) were determined on two host plants:apple (Maluspumila L.) and flowering quince (Chaenomeles japonica Lindl.). This study was carried out under laboratory conditions (25 ± 1 ºC and RH of 70 ± 5 % and a photoperiod of 16: 8 h (L: D). The survivorship from first instar nymphs to adult was very close in M.pumila and C.japonica. The longevity of A. pomi was 8.1 ± 0.458 and 9.65 ± 0.412 days and the fecundity of female was 37.25 ± 2.198 and 32.9 ± 1.802 nymphs on M.pumila and C.japonica, respectively. Peaks of reproductive value occurred at ages of 8 and 9 days when reared on M. pumila and C. japonica, respectively. The intrinsic rate of increase (r) on M.pumila was higher than that on C.japonica, as it was 0.396 ± 0.015 on M.pumila and 0.329 ± 0.006 day-1 on C.japonica. The mean generation time (T) was 9.13 ± 0.35 and 10.62 ± 0.18 days, on M. pumila and C. japonica, respectively. The results showed that the two closely related host plants had significant influence on life table parameters of A. pomi and the aphid showed a better performance on M.pumila than on C.japonica. These results indicated that M.pumila is more suitable for A. pomi, resulting in a higher reproductive performance.
Andrewartha, H. G., and Birch, L. C. 1954. The Distribution and Abundance of Animals. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
Arbab, A. 2006. Modeling developmental time of Aphispomi (Hom.: Aphididae) and study of growth indices and life parameters of it. Ph. D. thesis. Department of Entomology, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University. pp. 133.
Arbab, A., Kontodimas D., and Sahragard, A. 2006. Estimating development of Aphispomi (Degeer) (Homoptera: Aphididae) using nonlinear models. Environmental Entomology, 35 (5): 1208-1215
Awmack, C. S., and Leather, S. R. 2002. Host Plant Quality and Fecundity in Herbivorous Insects. Annual Review of Entomology, 47: 817-844.
Bevill, T. S. Jr., and Louda, S. M. 1999. Comparison of related rare and common species in the study of plant rarity. Conservation Biology, 13: 493-498.
Birch, L. C. 1948. The intrinsic rate of natural increase in an insect population. Journal of Animal Ecology, 17: 15-26.
Carey, J. R. 1993. Applied Demography for Biologists. Oxford University Press, New York.
Carter, M. C., Sutherland, D., and Dixon, A. F. G. 1984. Plant structure and searching efficiency of coccinellid larvae. Oecologica (Berlin),63: 394-397.
Chi, H. 1988. Life-table analysis incorporating both sexes and variable development rate among individuals. Environmental Entomology, 17: 26-34.
Chi, H. 1990. Timing of control based on the stage structure of pest population: a simulation approach. Journal of Economic Entomology, 83: 1143-1150.
Chi, H. 2005. TWOSEX-MSChart: Computer program for age-stage, two-sex life table analysis. Taichung, Taiwan: National Chung Hsing University http://184.108.40.206/ Ecology/prod02.htm.
Chi, H. and Liu, H. 1985. Two new methods for the study of insect population ecology. Bulletin of the Institute of Zoology, Academia Sinica, 24: 225-240.
Engel, R. 1990. Alternative prey and other food resources of the phytoseiid mite Typhlodromuspyri (Scheuten). In: Schmid A., (Ed.), Integrated Control in Viticulture. IOBC/WPRS Bulletin, 13, pp. 124-127.
Gabre, R. A., Adham, F. K., and Chi, H. 2005. Life table of Chrysomyamegacephala (Fabricius) (Diptera: Calliphoridae). Acta Oecologica. 27: 179-183.
Golizadeh, A., Kamali, K., Fathipour, Y., and Abbasipour, H. 2009. Life table of the diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) on five cultivated Brassicaceous host plants. Journal of Agricultural Science Technology. 11: 115-124.
Goodman, D. 1982. Optimal life histories, optimal notation, and the value of reproductive value. The American Naturalist, 119: 803-823.
Guldemond J. A., van den Brink W. J. and, den Belder E. 1998. Methods of assessing population increase in aphids and the effect of the growth stage of the host plant on population growth rates. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 86: 163-173.
Hamilton, A. J., Endersby, N. M., Ridland, P. M., Zhang, J. and Neal, M. 2005. Effects of cultivar on oviposition preference, larval feeding and development time of diamondback moth, Plutellaxylostella (L.) (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae), on some Brassica oleracea vegetables in Victoria. Australian Journal of Entomology, 44: 284-287.
Howitt, A. 1993. Common tree fruit pests. North Central Regional Extension Publication-63. Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI.
Huffaker, C. B., Berryman, A. A., and Laing, J. E. 1984. Natural control of insect populations. In: Huffaker CB., Rabb RL. (Eds.) Ecological Entomology, Wiley, New York, pp. 359-398.
Hulting, F. L., ORR, D. B., and Brycki, J. J. 1990. A computer program for calculation and statistical comparison of intrinsic rates of increase and associated life table parameters. Florida Entomologist, 73: 601-612.
Hummer, K. E., and Janick, J. 2009. Rosaceae: Taxonomy, ecomonic importance, genomics. In: Folta, K. M., and Gardiner, S. E. (eds.), pp. 1-17. Genetics and Genomics of Rosaceae, Plant Genetics and Genomics: Crops and Models 6, DOI 10.1007/978-0-387-77491-6-1.
Isman M. B., Duffey S. S. 1982. Toxicity of tomato phenolic compounds to the fruitworm, Heliothiszea. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 31: 370-376.
Kaakeh, W., Pfeiﬀer, D. G. and Marini, R. P. 1993. Eﬀect of Aphis spiraecola and A. pomi (Homoptera: Aphididae) on the growth of young apple trees. Crop Protection, 12: 141-147.
Kim, D. S. and Lee, J. H. 2002. Egg and Larval Survivorship of Carposinasasakii (Lepidoptera: Carposinidae) in Apple and Peach and Their Effects on Adult Population Dynamics in Orchards. Environmental Entomology, 31: 686-692.
Kocourek, F., Havelka, J., Berankova, J. and Jarosik, V. 1994. Effect of Temperature on Development Rate and Intrinsic Rate of Increase of Aphisgossypii Reared on Greenhouse Cucumber. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 71: 59-64.
Kumar, S. Saini, R. K. and Ram, P. 2009. Natural Mortality of Helicoverpaarmigera (Hübner) Eggs in the Cotton Ecosystem. Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology, 11: 17-25.
Liu, S. S., and Meng, X. D. 1999. The change pattern of development rates under constant and variable temperature in Myzuspersicae and Lipaphiserysimi. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 9: 182-190.
Liu, J., Wu, K., Hopper, K. R., and Zhao, K. 2004.Population dynamics of Aphisglycines (Homoptera: Aphididae) and its natural enemies in soybean in northern China, Annals of Entomological Society of America, 97: 235-239.
Medeiros, R. S., Ramalho, F. S., Lemos, W. P., and Zanuncio, J. C. 2000. Age-dependent fecundity and fertility life tables for Podisus nigrispinus (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae). Journal of Applied Entomology, 124:319-324.
Michaud, J. P. 1999. Sources of mortality in colonies of the brown citrus aphid, Toxopteracitricida Kirkaldy. Biocontrol, 44: 347-367.
Montllor, C. 1991. The inﬂuence of plant chemistry on aphid feeding behavior. In: Bernays EA (Ed.) Insect–Plant Interactions, 3: 125–173. CRC, Boca Raton, FL.
Morgan, D., Walters, K. F. A., and Aegerter, J. N. 2001. Effect of temperature and cultivar on pea aphid, Acyrthosiphonpisum (Hemiptera: Aphididae) life history. Bulletin of Entomological research, 91: 47-52.
Naranjo, S. E. 2001. Conservation and evaluation of natural enemies in IPM systems for Bemisia tabaci. Crop Protection, 20: 835-852.
Nielsen, J. K. 1978. Host plant discrimination within Cruciferae: feeding responses of four leafbeetles (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) to glucosinolate, cucurbitactins and cardenolides. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 24: 41-54.
Norris, D. M., and Kogan, M. 1980. Biochemical and morphological bases of resistance. In: Maxwell FC, Jennings PR (Eds) Breeding Plants Resistant to Insects, pp 23-61. Wiley, New York.
Price, P. W. 1997. Insect Ecology, 3rd edn. Wiley, New York.
Radjabi, Gh. 1989. Insect attacking rosaceous fruit trees in Iran. Vol. 3: Homoptera. Plant Pests and Diseases Research Institute, Tehran, Iran.
Rakauskas, R., and Rupais, A. 1983. Biology of the green apple aphid in Lithuania. Acta Entomologica Litunica, 6: 20-30.
Ricklefs, R. E., and Miller, G. L. 1999. Ecology, 4th ed. W. H. Freeman, New York.
Roy, M., Brodeur, J., and Cloutier, C. 2003. Effect of temperature on intrinsic rates of natural increase (rm) of a coccinellid and its spider mite prey. Biocontrol, 48: 57-72.
Ruggle, P., and Gutierrez, A. P. 1995. Use of life tables to assess host plant resistance in alfalfa to Therioaphis trifolii f. maculata (Homoptera: Aphididae): Hypothesis for maintenance of resistance. Environmental Entomology, 24: 313-325.
Rutledge, C. E., O’Neil R. J. 2005. Oriusinsidiosus (Say) as a predator of the soybean aphid, Aphisglycines Matsumara. Biological Control, 33: 56-64.
Slansky, F., Feeny, P. 1977. Stabilization of the rate of nitrogen accumulation by larvae of the cabbage butterﬂy on wild and cultivated food plants. Ecological Monographs, 47: 209-228.
Sokal, R. R. and Rohlf, F. J. 1995. Biometry. W. H. Freeman, San Francisco, CA.
Soroushmehr, Z., Sahragard, A., and Salehi, L. 2008. Comparative life table statistics for the ladybeetle Scymnussyriacus reared on the green citrus aphid, Aphis spiraecola, fed on two host plants. Journal of Entomological Science, 11: 281-288.
Southwood, T. R. E. 1966.Ecological methods with particular reference to the study of insect populations. Methuen, London.
Southwood, T. R. E. 1981. Bionomics strategies and population parameters. In: May, R. M. (ed.) Theoretical Ecology: Principles and Applications, 2nd edn, Blackwell, Oxford, pp 30-52.
Southwood, T. R. E, and Henderson, P. A. 2000. Ecological Methods, 3rd edn. Blackwell, Oxford. A Literature Survey on the Cotton Whitefly with Annotated Bibliography. CAB. International Institute Biological Control, UK.
Tsai, J. H., and Wang, J. J. 2001. Effects of host plants on biology and life table parameters of Aphisspiraecola (Homoptera: Aphididae). Environmental Entomology, 30: 44-50.
Van Lenteren, J. C., and Noldus, J. J. 1990. Whiteﬂy plant relationship: behavioral and ecological aspects. In: Gerling D (ed.) Whiteﬂies: their Bionomics, Pest-Status and Management, pp 47-89. Intercept, Andover, UK.
Verkerk, R. H. J., and Wright, D. J. 1996. Multitrophic interactions and management of the diamondback moth: a review. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 86: 205-216.
Yaşar, B. and Güngör, M. A. 2005. Determination of Life Table and Biology of Colorado Potato Beetle, Leptinotarsadecemlineata Say (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), Feeding on Five Different Potato Varieties in Turkey. Applied Entomology and Zoology, 40: 589-596.