Shahid Bakeri High Education Center of Miandoab, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran.
The aqueous and hydroalcoholic extracts from aerial parts of Berberis thunbergii L. and Alhagi maurorum Fisch. were tested against the red flour beetle, Tribolium castaneum (Herbst), for antifeedant activity, which was measured by nutritional indices parameters such as relative growth rate (RGR), relative consumption rate (RCR), efficiency of conversion of ingested food (ECI) and feeding deterrence index (FDI). Treatments were evaluated by the method of flour disc bioassay in the dark, at 27 ± 1 °C and 60 ± 5% RH. Aliquots of 10 µl of several concentrations from each extract (0.25-2.0%) and controls (solvents) were spread evenly on the flour discs. After evaporation of the solvent, 10 adult insects were introduced into each treatment. After 72 h, nutritional indices were calculated. Results indicated that nutritional indices varied significantly as extract concentrations increased. The difference between extracts and treatments was significant (P < 0.05). In this study, A. maurorum decreased RGR, RCR and ECI significantly more than those of B. thunbergii extract. In addition, hydroalcoholic extracts decreased RGR, RCR and ECI significantly more than those of aqueous extracts. Both plant extracts increased FDI as the extract concentrations were increased, showing high feeding deterrence activity against T. castaneum. Generally, antifeedant activity of A. maurorum was greater than that of B. thunbergii and hydroalcoholic extract was more effective than aqueous extract.
Achakzai, A. K. K., Achakzai, P., Masood, A., Kayani, S. A. and Tareen, R. B. 2009. Response of plant parts and age on the distribution of secondary metabolites on plants found in Quetta. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 41: 2129-2135.
Adarkwah C., Obeng-Ofori D., Buttner C., Reichmuth C. and Scholler M. 2010. Bio-rational control of red-flour beetle Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) in stored wheat with Calneem Oil derived from Neem seeds. Journal of Pest Science, DOI 10.1007/s10340-010-0317-2.
Ahmadi, M., Moharramipour, S. and Abd-Alla A. M. 2015. Antifeedant effect of gamma radiation and Perovskia atriplicifolia essential oil combination against Tribolium castaneum (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae). Journal of Crop Protection,4: 463-475.
Ali, S., Sagheer, M., Hassan, M., Abbas, M., Hafeez, F., Farooq, M., Hussain, D. Saleem, M. and Ghaffar, A. 2014. Insecticidal activity of turmeric (Curcuma longa) and garlic (Allium sativum) extracts against red flour beetle, Tribolium castaneum: A safe alternative to insecticides in stored commodities. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies, 2: 201-205.
Ashraf, H., Zare, S. and Farnad, N. 2014. The effect of aqueous extract of barberry fruit on liver damage in streptozotocin–induced diabetic rats.Journal of Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, 15: 1-9.
Atta A. H. and Mounein, S. M. 2004. Antidiarrhoal activity of some Egyptian medicinal plant extracts. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 9: 303-309.
Bahrami, R., Kocheili, F. and Ziaee, M. 2016. Effects of asafetida, geranium and walnut leaves essential oils on nutritional indices and progeny reduction on Rhyzopertha dominica adults (Coleoptera: Bostrychidae). Journal of Crop Protection, 5: 369-375.c.
Berenbaum, M. R. and Zangerl, A. R. 1996. Phytochemical diversity. Adaptation or random variation? Recent Advances in Photochemistry, 30: 1-24.
Chaube, M. K. 2008. Fumigant toxicity of essential oils from some common species against pulse beetles, Callosobruchus chinensis (Coleoptera: Bruchidae), Journal of Oleo Science, 57: 171-179.
Chaubey, M. K. 2007. Toxicity of essential oils from Cuminum cyminum (Umbelliferae), Piper nigrum (Piperaceae) and Foeniculum vulgare (Umbelliferae) against stored-product beetle Tribolium castaneum Herbst (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae). Electronic Journal of Environmental, Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 6: 1719-1727.
Chermenskaya, T. D., Stepanycheva, E. A., Shchenikova, A. V. and Chakaeva, A. S. 2010. Insectoacaricidal and deterrent activities of extracts of Kyrgyzstan plants against three agricultural pests. Indian Crop Production, 32: 157-163.
Freile, M. L., Giannini, F., Pucci, G., Sturniolo, A., Rodero, L., Pucci, O., Balzareti, V. and Enriz, R. D. 2003. Antimicrobial activity of aqueous extracts and of berberine isolated from Berberis heterophylla. Fitotrapia, 74: 702-705.
Gharibnaseri, M. K. and Mard, S. A. 2007. Gastroprotective effect of Alhagi camelorum on experimental gastric ulcer in rats. Physiological Pharmacology, 10: 343-350.
Ghasemi Pirbalouti, A. Ghasemi, M. R., Momtaz, H., Golparvar, A. R., Hamedi, B. and Shahgholian, L. 2010. Study of effect of extract of medicinal plants on Brucella abortusIn vitro and In vivo. Journal of Herbal Drugs, 1: 21-28.
Gupta, S., Sharma, A. K. and Sirohi, A. 2005. Neem: A botanical pesticides. Indian Farmers Digest, 32: 35-36.
Han, M. K., Kim, S. I. and Ahn, Y. J. 2006. Insecticidal and antifeedant activities medicinal plant extracts against Attagenus unicolor japonicus (Coleoptera: Dermestidae). Journal of Stored Products Research, 42:15-22.
Huang, Y., Lam, S. L. and Ho, S. H. 2000. Bioactivity of essential oil from Elletaria cardamomum (L.) Maton. to Sitophilus zeamais Motschulesky and Tribolium castaneum (Herbst). Journal of Stored Products Research, 36: 107-117.
Iauk, L., Costanzo, R., Caccamo, F., Rapisarda, A., Musumeci, R., Milazzo, I. and Blandino, G. 2007. Activity of Berberis aetnensis root extracts on Candida strains. Fitoterapia, 78: 159-161.
Isman, M. B. 2006. Botanical insecticides, deterrents and repellents in modern agriculture and an increasingly regulated world. Annual Review of Entomology, 51: 45-66.
Ivanovska, N. and Philipov, S. 1999. Study on the anti-inflammatory action of Berberis vulgaris root extract, alkaloid fractions and pure alkaloid. International Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 64: 161-166.
Jbilou, R. and Sayah, F. 2008. Effect of Peganum harmala (Zygophyllaceae) seed extracts on the development of Triboliumcastaneum (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae). International Journal of Tropical Insect Science,27: 199-209.
Khodadoust, M., Moharramipour, S. and Imani, S. 2012. Antifeedant activities of essential oils Cuminum cyminum and Carum copticum against confused flour beetle Tribolium confusom. Journal of Entomological Research,3: 317-326.
Khushbaktova, Z. A., Syrov, V. N. and Kuliev, Z. 1992. The effect of proanthocyanidins from Alhagi pseudoalhagi. Desv on course of experimental myocardial infarct. Eksperimental'naia i Klinicheskaia Farmakologiia, 55: 19-21.
Kiasalari, Z., Khalili, M. and Ahmadi, P. 2011. Effect of alcoholic extract of Berberis vulgaris fruit on acute and chronic inflammation on male rats. Journal of Babol University of Medical Sciences, 13: 28-35.
Kolmogorov, A. N. 1933. Sulla determinazione empirica di una legge di distribuzione. Giornale dell' Istituto Italiano degli Attuari, 4: 83-91.
Kumar, R., Kumar, A., Prasal, C. S., Dubey, N. K. and Samant, R. 2008. Insecticidal activity Aegle marmelos (L.) correa essential oil against four stored grain insect pests. International Journal of Food Safety, 10:39-49.
Kumar, A. and Gupta, S. 2013. Repellent and Antifeedant activity of neem and amla against two stored grain pests viz. Tribolium castaneum and Trogoderma granarium. Journal of Entomological Research,37: 301-306.
Liu, Z. L. and Ho, H. L. 1999. Bioactivity of essential oils extracted from Evodia rutaecarpa Hook F. et Thomas against the grain storage insects, Sitophilus zeamais Motsch. and Tribolium castaneum (Herbst). Journal of Stored Products Research, 35: 317-328.
Majd, A., Mehrabian, S. and Mostafavi, H. 2008. Antioxidant and anticancer effect of aqueous extract of Berberis integerrima.Journal of Biological Sciences,1: 31-38.
Moharramipour, S. and Nazemi Rafieh, J., Morovvati, M., Talebi, A. A. and Fathipour, Y. 2003. Effectiveness of extracts of Nerium oleander, Lavandula officinalis and Ferula assafoetida on nutritional indices of Tribolium castaneum adults. Journal of Entomological Society of Iran, 23: 69-89.
Moharramipour, S. and Nazemi Rafih, J. 2008. Repellency of Nerium oleander L., Lavandula officinalis L. and Ferula assafoetida L. extracts on Tribolium castaneum (Herbst). Iranian Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, 23: 443-452.
Mosch, J., Klingauf, F. and Zeller, W. 1989. On the effect of plant extracts against fire blight (Erwinia amylovora).Acta Horticulture, 273: 355-361.
Negahban, M. and Moharramipour, S. 2007. Efficiency of Artemisia sieberi and Artemisia scoparia essential oils on nutritional indices of Tribolium castaneum (Col.: Tenebrionidae). Iranian Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, 23: 13-22.
Park, I. K. Lee, S. G. Choi, D. H., Park, J. K. and Ahn, Y. J. 2003. Insecticidal Activities of Constituents Identified in the Essential Oil from Leaves of Chamaecyparis obtusa against Callosobruchus chinensis (L.) and Sitophilus oryzae (L.). Journal of Stored Product Research, 39: 375-384.
Pavela, R. 2007. Possibilities of Botanical Insecticide Exploitation in Plant Protection. Pest Technology, 1: 47-52.
Pavela, R. 2009. Effectiveness of some botanical Insecticides against Spodoptera littoralis Boisduvala (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), Myzus persicae Sulzer (Hemiptera: Aphididae) and Tetranychus urticae Koch (Acari: Tetranychidae). Plant Protection Science, 45: 161-167.
Rafiei-Karahroodi, Z., Moharramipour, S., Farazmand, H. and Karimzadeh-Esfahani, J. 2010. Effect of eighteen plant essential oils on nutritional indices of larvae Plodia interpunctella Hubner (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Journal of Entomological Research, 1: 209-219.
Rafiee, F., Heidari, R., Ashraf, H. and Rafiee, P. 2013. Protective effect of Berberis integerrima fruit extract on carbon-tetrachloride induced hepatotoxicity in rats. Journal of Fasa University of Medical Sciences, 3: 179-187.
Sabir, M., Akhter, M. H. and Bhide, N. K. 1978. Further studies on pharmacology on berberine. Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology, 22: 9-23.
Sadeghifar, F., Parivar, K. and Ayatollahi, M. 1996. Biological effects of alcohol aqueous extract of barberry fruit (Berberis vulgaris) on the growth of mouse embryo. M. Sc. thesis, Tehran Teacher Training University, Tehran.
Sahaf, B. Z. and Moharramipour, S. 2009. Comparative study on deterrency of Carum copticum C. B. Clarkeand Vitex pseudo-negundo (Hausskn.) Hand.-Mzt. essential oils on feeding behavior of Tribolium castaneum (Herbst). Iranian Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, 24: 385-395.
Shakarami, J. 2013. Fumigant toxicity of four plant essential oils against Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) and T. confusum (Du Val.). Technical Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 3: 3158-3162.
Shariatzadeh, M. S., Azarnia, M., Kaka, G. H., Shogh, N. and Sadraie, S. H. 2013. Study of teratogenic effects of extract of Berberis integerrima on liver tissue in mouse embryo. Journal of Cell Tissue, 4: 63-70.
Silva, J. P., Crotti, A. E. M. and Cunha, W. R. 2007. Antifeedant and allelopathic activities of the Hydroalcoholic extract obtained from neem (Azadirachta indica) leaves. Brazilian Journal of Pharmacognosy,17: 529-532.
Singh, V. P., Yadav, B. and Pandey, V.B. 1999. Flavanone glycosides from Alhagi pseudoalhagi. Phytochemistry, 51: 587-590.
Smirnov, N. V. 1933. Estimate of deviation between empirical distribution functions in two independent samples. Bulletin Moscow University, 2: 3-16.
Sultana B., Anwar F. and Ashraf M. 2009. Effect of extraction solvent/technique on the antioxidant activity of selected medicinal plant extracts. Molecules, 14: 2167-2180.
Talukder, F. A. and Howse, P. E. 1995. Evaluation of Aphanomixis polystachya as a source of repellents, antifeedants, toxicants and protectants in storage against Tribolium castaneum (Herbst). Journal of Stored Product Research, 31: 55-61.
Ziaee, M. 2014. The effects of topical application of two essential oils against Sitophilus granarius (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) and Triboliumconfusum (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae).Journal of Crop Protection, 3: 589-595.