Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili. Ardabil, Iran.
Nutritional indices of Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner) larvae, an economic insect pest of agricultural crops in the world, were studied on five corn hybrids (SC700, SC704, SC500, DC370 and SC260) when incorporated into artificial diets under laboratory conditions at 25 ± 1 °C, relative humidity of 65 ± 5% and a photoperiod of 16:8 (L: D) h. The highest values of consumption index (CI) and relative growth rate (RGR) for the fourth instars were on SC500 (37.21 ± 3.34 and 0.43 ± 0.07 mg/mg/day, respectively) and lowest values of these indices were on SC704 (21.44 ± 2.83 and 0.18 ± 0.04, respectively). Among the five corn hybrids tested, efficiency of conversion of ingested food (ECI) of fifth instars was the highest on SC260 (6.92 ± 0.5%) and the highest value of efficiency of conversion of digested food (ECD) was on SC704 (10.71 ± 3%) while the larvae fed on SC700 had the lowest values of ECI and ECD (3.57 ± 0.3 and 4.39 ± 0.4%, respectively). For the sixth instar larvae, although the lowest CI and approximate digestibility (AD) values were observed on SC260 (3.49 ± 0.17 and 53.89 ± 3.70%, respectively) the highest value of ECI and ECD was on SC260 (9.11 ± 0.6 and 16.54 ± 1.5%, respectively). For all instars (fourth to sixth instars), ECD value of H. armigera was the highest on SC260 (10.15 ± 1.08%) and lowest on SC700 (6.32 ± 0.47%). The result of this study pointed out higher nutritional performance of the larvae H. armigera reared on SC704 and SC260 and lower performance on SC700 and SC500.
Arghand, A., Naseri, B., Razmjou, J. and Hassanpour, M. 2012. Effect of different corn hybrids on population growth parameters of cotton bollworm, Helicoverpa armigera (Lep.: Noctuidae). Applied Entomology and Phytopathology, 80: 41-50.
Ashfaq, M., Ahmad, K. J. and Ali, A. 2003. Morpho-physical factors affecting consumption and coefficient of utilization of Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner). Pakistan Journal of Applied Sciences, 3: 225-230.
Baghery, F., Fathipour, Y. and Naseri, B. 2013. Nutritional indices of Helicoverpa armigera (Lep.: Noctuidae)on seeds of five host plants. Applied Entomology and Phytopathology, 80: 19-27.
Batista Pereira, G. L., Petacci, F., Fernandes, B. J., Correa, A. G., Vieira, P. C., Fatima da Silva, M. and Malaspina, O. 2002. Biological activity of astilbin from Dimorphandra mollis against Anticarsia gemmatalis and Spodoptera frugiperda. Pest Management Science, 58: 503-507.
Bernys, E. A. and Chapman. R. F. 1994. Host-plant selection by phytophagous insects. Chapman and Hall, 312 pp.
Chapman, R. F. 1998. The insects: structure and function. 4th edition. Cambridge University Press, UK. pp. 770.
Deka, N. K., Prasad, D. and Chand, P. 1987. Succession and incidence of insect pests in chickpea, Cicer arietinum L. Giornale Italiano di Entomol, 3: 421-428.
Farid, A. 1986. Study of bollworm Heliothis armigera (Hub.) on tomato in Jyroft and Kahnuj. Applied Entomology and Phytopathology, 54: 15-24.
Farrar, R. R. and Kennedy, G. G. 1987. Growth, food consumption and mortality of Heliothis zea larvae on foliage of the wild tomato Lycopersicon hirsutum f. glabratum and the cultivated tomato, L. esculentum. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 44: 213-219.
Fathipour, Y. and Naseri, B. 2011. Soybean cultivars affecting performance of Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), In: Ng, T. B. (Ed.), Soybean-Biochemistry, Chemistry and Physiology. InTech, Rijeka, Croatia, pp. 599-630. Available from: http://www.intechopen. com/download/get/type/pdfs/id/15730.
Fitt, G. P. 1989. The ecology of Heliothis in relation to agroecosystems. Annual Review of Entomology, 34: 17-52.
Gujar, G. T., Mittal, A., Kumari, A. and Kalia, V. 2004. Host crop influence on the susceptibility of the American bollworm, Helicoverpa armigera, to Bacillus thuringiensis ssp. Kurstaki HD-73. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 13: 165-172.
Hemati, S.A., Naseri, B., Nouri-Ghanbalani, G., Rafiee-Dastjerdi, H. and Golizadeh, A. 2012. Effect of different host plants on nutritional indices of the pod borer, Helicoverpa armigera. Journal of Insect Science,12: 55 available online: insectscience.org/12.55.
Hugentobler, U. and Renwick, J. A. A. 1995. Effects of plant nutrition on the balance of insect relevant cardenolides and glucosinolates in Erysimum cheiranthoides. Oecologia, 102: 95-101.
Hwang, S. Y., Liu, C. H. and Shen, T. C. 2008. Effects of plant nutrient availability and host plant species on the performance of two Pieris butterflies (Lepidoptera: Pieridae). Biochemical Systematic and Ecology, 36: 505-513.
Jallow, M. F. A., Maatsumura, M. and Suzuki, Y. 2001. Oviposition preference and reproductive performance of Japanese Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Applied Entomology and Zoology, 36: 419-426.
Javed, H., Aziz, M. A. and Leghari, R. A. K. 2009. Resistance in different Okra cultivars (Abelmoschus esculetus L.) against American bollworm (Helicoverpa armigera Huber). Journal of Agricultural Research, 47: 433-438.
Khan, M. M., Rustamani, M. A., Talpur, M. A., Baloch, H. B. and Chutto, A. B. 1993. Efficacy of different insecticides against Helicoverpa armigera on gram. Pakistan Journal of Zoology, 25: 117-119.
Koul, O., Singh, G., Singh, R. and Singh, J. 2004. Bioefficacy and mode-of-action some limonoids of salanin group from Azadirachta indica A. Juss and their role in a multicomponent system against lepidopteran larvae. Journal of Biosciences, 29: 409-416.
Kranthi, K. R., Jadhav, D. R, Kranthi, S., Wanjari, R. R., Ali, S. S. and Russell, D. A. 2002. Insecticide resistance in five major insect pests of cotton in India. Journal of Crop Protection, 21: 449-460.
Lal, S. S., Yadava, C. P. and Dias, C. A. R. 1985. Assessment of crop losses in chickpea caused by H. armigera. FAO Plant Protection Bulletin, 33: 27-35.
Lazarevic, J. and Peric-Mataruga, V. 2003. Nutritive stress effects on growth and digestive physiology of Lymantria dispar larvae. Yugoslavenska Medicinska Biochemija, 22: 53-59.
Moral Garcia, F. J. 2006. Analysis of the spatio-temporal distribution of Helicoverpa armigera (Huber) in a tomato fields using a stochastic approach. Biosystems Engineering, 93: 253-259.
Myers, J. H. 1985. Effect of physiological condition of the host plant on the ovipositional choice of the cabbage white butterfly, Pieris rapae. Journal of Animal Ecology, 54: 193-204.
Naresh, J. S. and Malik, V. S. 1986. Observations on the insect pests of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) in Haryana. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 27: 75-77.
Naseri, B., Fathipour, Y., Moharramipour, S. and Hosseininaveh, V. 2010. Nutritional indices of the cotton bollworm, Helicoverpa armigera, on 13 soybean varieties. Journal of Insect Science, 10: 151 available online: insectscience.org/10.151.
Naseri, B. and Razmjou, J. 2013. Effect of artificial diets containing different maize hybrids powdered seeds on digestive proteolytic and amylolytic activities and nutritional responses of Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Applied Entomology and Phytopathology, 2: 9-18.
Phillipson, J. 1981. Bioenergetic options and phylogeny, In: Townsend, C. R. and Calow, P. (Eds.), Physiological Ecology: an Evolutionary Approach to Resource Use. Blackwell Scientific.
Rahimi Namin, F. and Naseri, B. Razmjou, J. 2014. Nutritional performance and activity of some digestive enzymes of the cotton bollworm, Helicoverpa armigera: response to bean cultivars. Journal of Insect Science, (in press).
Reddy, K. S., Rao, G. R., Rao, P. A. and Rajasekhar, P. 2004. Life table studies of the capitulum borer, Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner) infesting sunflower. Journal of Entomological Research, 28: 13-18.
Schroeder, L. A. 1981. Consumer growth efficiencies: their limits and relationships to ecological energetics. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 93: 805-828.
Sharma, H. C. 2001. Crop protection compendium: Helicoverpa armigera. Electronic Compendium for Crop Protection. CAB International, Wallingford, United Kingdom.
Sharma, H. C. and Ortiz, R. 2002. Host plant resistance to insects: an eco-friendly approach for pest management and environment conservation. Journal of Environmental Biology, 23: 111-135.
Shukla, S., Arora, R. and Sharma, H. C. 2005. Biological activity of soybean trypsin inhibitor and plant lectins against cotton bollworm/legume pod borer, Helicoverpa armigera. Plant Biotechnology Journal, 22: 1-6.
Singh, A. K. and Mullick, S. 1997. Effect of leguminous plants on the growth and development of gram pod borer, Helicoverpa armigera. Indian Journal of Entomology, 59: 209-214.
Slansky, F. Jr. 1990. Insect nutritional ecology as a basis for studying host plant resistance. Florida Entomologist, 73: 359-378.
Soleimannejad, S., Fathipour, Y., Moharramipour, S. and Zalucki, M. P. 2010. Evaluation of potential resistance in seeds of different soybean cultivars to Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) using demographic parameters and nutritional indices. Journal of Economic Entomology, 103: 1420-1430.
Teakle, R. E. 1991. Laboratory culture of Heliothis species and identification of disease, In: Zalucki, M. P. (Ed.), Heliothis: Research Methods and Prospects. Springer Verlag, pp. 22-29.
Wakil, W., Ashfaq, M., Afzal, M. and Riasat, T. 2009. Integrated management of Helicoverpa armigera in chickpea in rainfed areas of Punjab, Pakistan. Phytoparasitica, 37: 415-420.
Waldbauer, G. P. 1968. The consumption and utilization of food by insects. Advances in Insect Physiology, 5: 229-288.
Wang, Y., Cai, Q. N., Zhang, Q. W. and Han, Y. 2006. Effect of the secondary substances from wheat on the growth and digestive physiology of cotton bollworm Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). European Journal of Entomology, 103: 255-258.
Wang, A. C. Z. 1997. Effect of gossypol and tannic acid on the growth and digestion physiology of cotton bollworm larvae. Acta Phytophylacica Sinica, 24: 13-18.